When to Plant Vegetables? Planting by the Moon, Soil Temperature or Date

We have already planted some of our early spring vegetables after plowing last week. The weather forecast was for rain off and on over a week, so it was the perfect time as far as moisture. Was it a good time by all the other methods one uses to determine the right day to plant is not known. In any case, we have out spinach, carrot, various kinds of lettuce and sugar snap peas.

The broccoli and carrots Javier planted in the fall are doing okay. We have some to eat now. It's amazing these plants stand the temperature in the teens and survive. Over 4,000 onion sets are ordered and on the way to us. A few years ago we grew out own sets from seed planting them on October 15 (1015- the name of one onion). It is easier to buy the sets than mess with the tiny seed and then transplant those in February.

In any case, planting time or date is function of what method you use or when you have time to do it. My dad said that potatoes needed to be planted when there was no moon. He also said if you planted peas on certain days or they would just flower and never produce pods.

We try to use an almanac, but no two have the exact same planting dates. I have the Farmer's Almanac and today is a day to plant flowers. Planting by the Moon has a lot of resources for those wanting to use this ancient method. Using this handy chart you can just look at the zodiac sign for the day and you know what to do.  Below is a general chart with the zodiac sign for a day, if you can plant and what activities are good in this period. There is a site that has a single chart that has almost all the information you need at one place. Try this link.
 
Aries
No Planting
Cultivating, weeding, destroying pests, harvesting

Taurus
Root crops, especially potatoes & bulbous plants; flowers for hardiness, beans, cabbage, hay, lettuce, onion sets, radish, turnip, leafy vegetables. Peach, pear and plum trees.
General maintenance

Gemini
No Planting
Cultivating, weeding, destroying noxious growth & pests, harvesting, mow lawns to retard growth.

Cancer
Planting reliable seeds and transplanting should produce good results.
Asparagus, barley, beets, berries, bulbs, carrots, corn, lettuce, potatoes, roses, herbs, wheat, deciduous trees.
Irrigation; bud and graft.

Leo
No Planting, none, never, not at all, ever!
Destroy weeds and noxious growth/pests. Deaden trees. Mow lawns to retard growth, harvesting

Virgo
Plant flowers & vines. Don't plant vegetables or trees.
Cultivation, destroy weeds etc.

Libra
Seeds for hay, corn, fodder, grain. Flowers for beauty, bulbs. Barley, beans, beet, cabbage, carrot, peas, squash, tubers, vines
Cultivate, weed

Scorpio
Beans, berries, cantaloupes, cauliflower, cereal, chicory, eggplant (aubergine), peas, potatoes, pumpkin. Flowers for abundance.
Do not dig potatoes! Sturdiness is a special quality of Scorpio

Sagittarius
Onion (seeds), endive, leeks, garlic, peppers, radish, potatoes, European trees such as oak.
Harvesting, destroying weeds.

Capricorn
Bulbs, potatoes, root crops, beans, cabbage, broccoli, lettuce, onion sets, radish. Flowers for hardiness. Fruit trees.
General maintenance

Aquarius
Absolutely not.
Cultivation, extermination, harvesting

Pisces
Broccoli, bulbs, Brussel sprouts, carrot, celery, cress, chicory, cucumber, endive, horseradish, parsley, peanuts, radish, pumpkin. Flowers for abundance. Deciduous trees.

First Quarter Moon Above ground crops. Begin new projects.
Second Quarter Moon Above ground crops. Nurture & tend to new growth.
Third Quarter Moon Root crops. Finish off projects and tasks. Harvest.
Fourth Quarter Moon Begin compost heaps and worm farms.

Remove noxious growth, weeds and pests. Harvest. Have a nice rest and chill out a little. Compost heaps started in the fourth quarter under Cancer will be amazing.
 
If you want to be even more specific use this chart. It includes a lot of data points and is plant specific. Other methods of planting are more basic. This includes soil temperature. Seeds will not germinate unless the soil is warm enough. This list is pretty accurate and includes the number of days for germination. If the soil temperature drops below that indicate for a plant, expect it to stop growing or to wither. I have planted on the right moon day too often, but when the soil was too cool and have had to replant more than once. Seed is not such a loss, but buying more tomato plants can be.

Bean, lima  85 degrees F  7 to 10 days  
Bean, snap  75 to 80 degrees F  7 days  
Beet  75 degrees F  7 to 14 days  
Broccoli  65 to 75 degrees F  5 to 10 days  
Brussels sprout  68 to 75 degrees F  5 to 10 days  
Cabbage  68 to 75 degrees F  5 to 10 days  
Cantaloupe  80 to 85 degrees F  5 to 10 days  
Carrot  75 degrees F  12 to 15 days  Cauliflower  65 to 75 degrees F  5 to 10 days  
Celery  70 to 75 degrees F  10 to 14 days  
Collard  70 to 75 degrees F  5 to 10 days  
Corn  75 to 85 degrees F  7-10 days  
Cucumber  70 to 85 degrees F  7 to 10 days  
Eggplant  75 to 85 degrees F  10 to 12 days  
Endive  70 to 75 degrees F  10 to 14 days  
Kale  70 to 75 degrees F  5 to 10 days  
Kohlrabi  70 to 75 degrees F  5 to 10 days  
Lettuce  65 to 70 degrees F  7 to 10 days  
Melon  80 to 85 degrees F  5 to 10 days  
Mustard Greens  70 degrees F  5 to 10 days  
Okra  80 to 85 degrees F 7 to 14 days  
Onion, bulbing  70 to 75 degrees F  10 to 14 days  
Onion, bunching  60 to 70 degrees F  10 to 14 days  
Parsnip 70 degrees F  14 to 21 days  
Pea  65 to 70 degrees F  7 to 14 days
Pepper  78 to 85 degrees F  10 to 14 days  
Pumpkin  70 to 75 degrees F  7 to 10 days  
Radish  65 to 70 degrees F  5 to 7 days  
Rutabaga  65 to 70 degrees F  7 to 15 days  
Spinach  70 degrees F   7 to 14 days  
Spinach, New Zealand  75 degrees F  10 to 15 days
Squash, Summer  75 to 85 degrees F  7 to 14 days  
Squash, Winter  75 to 80 degrees F  7 to 14 days  
Swiss Chard  70 to 75 degrees F  7 to 14 days  
Tomato  75 to 80 degrees F  7 to 14 days  
Turnip  65 to 70 degrees F  7 to 14 days  
Watermelon  75 to 85 degrees F  7 to 14 days

If you live in East or North Texas you can also use a normal planting guide based on time periods for spring and fall. Texas A&M produced this list.

Vegetable Planting Dates for the Northeast Texas
Average last spring freeze date - 3/15; Average first fall freeze date - 11/15
CROP
SPRING PLANTING DATE
FALL PLANTING DATE
Asparagus
2/1 - 3/15
N.R.
Beans, Bush
3/15 - 4/15
8/1 - 9/1
Beans, Pole
3/15 - 4/15
8/1 - 9/1
Beans, Lima
3/15 - 4/1
7/15 - 8/15
Beets
2/1 - 4/1
9/1 - 10/15
Broccoli (plants)
3/1 - 3/15
8/1 - 9/15
Brussels Sprouts
N.R.
8/1 - 10/1
Cabbage (plants)
2/1 - 3/1
8/15 - 9/15
Cabbage, Chinese
2/1 - 2/15
8/15 - 9/15
Carrots
2/1 - 2/15
8/15 - 10/15
Cauliflower (plants)
2/15 - 3/1
8/15 - 9/15
Chard, Swiss
2/15 - 4/1
8/1 - 10/15
Collard/Kale
2/1 - 2/15
8/15 - 10/1
Corn, Sweet
3/1 - 4/1
8/1 - 8/15
Cucumber
3/15 - 4/15
8/1 - 9/1
Eggplant (plants)
4/1 - 4/15
7/15 - 8/1
Garlic
1/15 - 2/15
9/1 - 10/15
Kohlrabi
2/1 - 3/1
8/15 - 9/15
Lettuce (leaf)
2/1 - 3/1
9/15 - 10/15
Muskmelon (Cantaloupe)
3/15 - 5/1
7/15 - 8/1
Mustard
2/1 - 3/1
9/15 - 10/15
Okra
Needs Hot Weather           
4/15 - 7/1
Onion (plants)
2/1 - 3/1
Parsley
N.R.
8/15 - 10/1
Peas, English
1/15 - 2/15
8/15 - 9/15
Peas, Southern
4/15 - 6/1
7/1 - 8/1
Pepper (plants)
4/1 - 4/15
7/1 - 8/1
Potatoes (Irish)
2/1 - 2/15
8/15 - 9/15
Potatoes (Sweet) (slips)
4/1 - 5/15
N.R.
Pumpkin
4/1 - 5/15
7/1 - 8/1
Radish
2/1 - 4/1
9/15 - 10/15
Spinach
2/1 - 3/1
9/1 - 10/15
Squash, Summer
3/15 - 4/15
7/15 - 8/15
Squash, Winter
4/1 - 4/15
7/1 - 7/15
Tomato (plants)
3/15 - 4/1
7/15 - 8/1
Turnips
2/1 - 3/1
10/1 - 11/1
Watermelon
3/15 - 5/1
7/1 - 8/1
Watermelon (Seedless)
3/25 - 5/1
7/1 - 8/1

No matter what dates you use or combination of them. For certain you will enjoy wonderful, fresh vegetables during the summer if you make an effort to plant something. Even if you live in the city you can place a few tomato plants in a flower bed or a few okra stalks. It takes very little to grow enough to feed a family in the summer no matter where you live. If in an apartment, you can use plastic tubs on a patio.

Good gardening